"Game Changer"

Enhanced Power Generation Breakthrough Technology

MHD - Magneto Hydro Dynamic Power Generation

Involves Magnetic Fields (Magneto) and
Fluids (Hydro) That Conduct Electricity and
Interact (Dynamics)

Building Utility-Scale
MHD - Electrical Power Generatiors

A Problem that Needs to be Solved
MHD Offers a Tool to Reduce CO2 Emissions

MHD is a Stationary Turbine Generator with No Moving Parts

MHD power generation will massively increase efficiency in electric power generation! Magnetohydrodynamic power generation technology (MHD) is the production of electrical power utilising a high temperature conducting plasma moving through an intense magnetic field. An MHD generator consists of a conductor moving through a fixed magnetic field.

MHD will increase power generation without increasing CO2 emissions. It is needed for economic growth. It can reduce CO2 emissions while maintaining electric power generation levels (this could be further enhanced if older, low efficiency, high emission plants could be retired due to the availability of increased generation from MHD-enabled plants).

"Lets say that MHD will improve the overall combined cycle plant efficiency by 5%. Now calculate how the 5% to 10% improvement /MW reduces the same 5% - 10% reduction in CO2 emission, but calculate the actual savings in pounds of CO2. We then can calculate the number of natural gas plants and the MW's they produce and thus the entire savings in the US if MHD was implement. It should be a gargantuan number - I am guess like 10 Trillion lbs of CO2 less." - Chief Science and Engineering Officer Professor Doug Chrisey

The MHD generation or, also known as magneto hydrodynamic power generation is a direct energy conversion system which converts the heat energy directly into electrical energy, without any intermediate mechanical energy conversion, as opposed to the case in all other power generating plants. Therefore, in this process, substantial fuel economy can be achieved due to the elimination of the link process of producing mechanical energy and then again converting it to electrical energy .

Concentrating Solar Power Utility Inc, (CSPU) plans on licensing and developing partners to build state-of-the-art MHD Utility-Scale Power Plants.

Intellectual Property Portfolio - High Efficiency Magnetohydrodynamic Power Generation Using Ultra- High Magnetic Fields (Superconducting Permanent Magnets) and Novel Cooling - Patent

Superconducting Permanent Magnets Can be Used to Improve the Efficiency of any Electrical Machine.

CSPU is Developing Superconducting Permanent Magnets for MHD Power Generation and many other Applications!

MHD Technological Break-Through

Harada Estimated the MHD Efficiency at 70-75%


Adapted from N. Harada, The International Conference on Electrical Engineering
“MHD for Advanced Power Generation”, No. O-043.

MHD Energy is one of the most important advancements in the energy field in the last 100 years. The underlying principle of MHD power generation is elegantly simple. In a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator an electrically conducting gas replaces the rotating copper coil of the currently used electric generator.

This science fiction sounding technology uses superconducting magnets to strip electrons from high energy plasma jets, and generate power with no moving parts.

Using patented MHD technology CSPU plans to make MHD power practical and affordable on a broad commercial scale for the first time. While addressing some of humanity’s most pressing challenges. CSPU is leading the way to cost-competitive, MHD electricity.


Superiority of MHD Power Generation
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
CSPU on BBC Radio
Concentrated Sunlight Heat Electricity - Solar MHD
Highly Disruptive Technology
CSPU Intellectual Property Portfolio
CSPU Management
CSPU in Forbes
CSPU in the Press

Related Links
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Licenses Novel “Magnetohydrodynamics” Technology
Letter from Jian Sun, PhD - Director, Center for Future Energy Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

High Efficiency Magnetohydrodynamic Power Generation
Using Ultra-High Magnetic Fields and Novel Cooling

MHD Superconducting Generators


Higher Efficiency Power Technology
United States Patent 8,786,140
Print - PDF of Patent
Promising Technologies Patented

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Energy Conversion can increase the efficiency of fossil-fueled power plants.

CSPU innovation - integrated advanced systems design utilizing proven state of the art technologies and enabling more efficient power systems for utility applications.

MHD can change the world's use of energy
MHD has high heat/high efficiency

A magnetohydrodynamic generator (MHD generator) is a high performance magnetohydrodynamic device that transforms thermal energy and kinetic energy into electricity.

CSPU Plans to design / develop MHD enhancement's to traditional power plants.

CSPU plans to demonstrate a working MHD system's unique features and performance potential. Which will represent the intermediate stage between laboratory scale experiments and an industrial scale demonstration MHD project.

Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) is a direct-fired scalable electric power production technology that is being developed as a high-temperature “topping cycle” power extraction to higher efficiency for conventional power plants, and a new type of super efficient power plant.

The Stacking of Heat Engines:

1) MHD (magneto hydrodynamics) engine (40-65% conversion) - MHD Topping Layer Extract Energy 1260C
2) Brayton engine (29 -35% conversion) - Brayton/Core Layer Extract Energy 980C
3) Organic Rankin engine (5-7%c conversion). - Organic Rankin Bottom Layer Extract Energy 250C

This combination will make the CSPU MHD, hybrid generating system the most efficient way of converting energy into electricity.

CPSU was formed in 2008 by Thomas P. Kay to develop and commercialize high temperature (and high efficiency) novel patented MHD technology, which it believes will dramatically improve the efficiency of electrical power generation.

CSPU primary differentiator lies with its suite of intellectual properties that are ready to be swiftly implemented and commercialized.

A power plant with MHD alone should achieve 65% theoretical efficiency, but you can harvest the hot exhaust gas. The latter can yield an additional 10% to add to the system efficiency or 75%.

The rocket science is already done - all that remains are to turn the prototypes into a low-cost, mass-producible design. It is now just a question of good, old-fashioned engineering. CSPU MHD super efficient proprietary energy technology is critical to saving mankind from the ever present danger of climate change.

We will demonstrate that the MHD generator technology is superior to all other electricity generators. The successful completion of this project will lead to the development of a closed loop MHD electric power plant prototype with estimated efficiencies greater than 60%.

Our long term goal is to develop an integrated system with a useful life of 20 years or more of continuous operation. The system would be scalable in terms of its electricity output and corresponding purchase and maintenance cost.

Magnetohydrodynamics or Thermionic Power Conversion

The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) approach to electric power generation offers a unique combination of high-efficiency large-scale power generation. The role of MHD power generation has global significance in the field of energy. .

Technological advancements show great promise to make MHD a more viable option to meet society's energy needs. CSPU will be using a new type of Superconducting Permanent Magnets for the first time with Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Power Plants.

Because of the higher temperature generated MHD is more efficient than older types of thermal technologies that work at a much lower temperature. The laws of thermodynamics tell us that to generate power from a heat source (e.g. a burning fuel), the higher the temperature, the more efficient it will be.

The efficiency improvement is based on the high temperature of the plasma and the extremely high magnetic fields (potentially 17 T) only possible through using HTS permanent magnets.

"It is funny for me having published research for 30 years and suddenly I am interviewed about a topic that I have a recent patent on, but no publications. The number that catches everyone is the 60% efficiency" -Professor Douglas B. Chrisey Ph.D. Department of Physics and Engineering, Tulane University
- Douglas B. Chrisey on BBC Radio talking about MHD.

High-field magnets for Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Energy Conversion can increase the efficiency of fossil-fueled power plants.

Using natural gas, fuel oil, or coal to generate plasma to operate an MHD generator, will improved overall plant efficiencies in excess of 60% using high temperature superconductors (HTS) permanent magnets.

• The efficiency improvement is based on the high temperature of the plasma and the extremely high magnetic fields (potentially 17 T) only possible through using HTS permanent magnets. This will be a great improvement over existing MHD systems to convert fossil fueled power into electrical energy.

A magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) electric power generator directly converts the enthalpy of a gas into electrical energy using (non-equilibrium or equilibrium) plasma. This process is based on Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction where, instead of an armature coil rotating in a magnetic field as in a conventional rotating generator, MHD uses an electrically conductive fluid moving through a magnetic field.

The Plasma in the MHD generator is created by a process called thermal ionization, where the temperature of the gas is raised to the point so that the electrons are no longer bound to the atoms of gas. These free electrons make the plasma gas electrically conductive.

Improved MHD Technology is Applicable to Fossil-Fueled Power Plants

Potential Heat Sources
Coal - Natural gas - Geothermal - Nuclear - Solar

MHD topping cycle generators will increase the efficiency of existing power plants. The big difference with MHD for green energy or just energy conversion is that we have the potential for such high efficiencies. Other technologies are resorting to rare and expensive materials or complicated optics to squeeze out incremental changes.

MHD Hybrid Power Plants can use any heat source, such as solar, geothermal, combustion of a fuel (e.g., oil, coal, or natural gas), chemical reaction or even high-grade waste heat and directly converts such heat source into electricity through an MHD technique.

Thermal efficiency versus working temperature for different MHD power conversion systems. The effect of increased temperature on efficiency is clear.

MHD has many important attributes for power conversion including:

  • High working temperatures.
  • High Carnot-cycle efficiency.
  • Readily combined as a topping cycle with other heat generating systems.

In general, the electrical power output depends on,8 Lch × B2 × m2 (Lch is the MHD channel length, B is the magnetic flux density, and m is the mass flow rate). Loosely stated, this follows intuition that the efficiency should improve the longer the plasma is exposed to a magnetic field (Lch), the larger the magnetic field (B) the larger the efficiency, and the larger the plasma flux (m), the more electric power should be expected.

The high magnetic field is a key feature required to increase solar MHD system efficiency. However, iron core electromagnets have proven impractical for use in MHD energy conversion devices because they require enormous current draw to sustain high Tesla magnetic flux densities. Prior art MHD energy conversion devices have, therefore, been limited to the use of iron-ore magnets having magnetic flux densities of no greater than 1-3 Tesla.

The recent demonstration of superconductive permanent magnets with magnetic flux densities of up to 17 Tesla is a very encouraging development that can enable commercially viable high efficiency solar MHD technology.

MHD has the potential to significantly improve the performance of all future power plants. Future Objectives - To build pilot MHD Generating plants. Following development and testing of the prototype, the Company intends to leverage a number of business development possibilities, including licensing, joint venture and project development, all of which should result in the advancement of these innovations on a global scale. The Company believes that its products, methodologies and implementation strategies represent a significant step forward toward rapid, scalable and cost-effective use of renewable natural resources; and it has the superior design, experienced management team, key vendors and strategic partners to bring this technology to market in a cost- and time-effective manner.

Strategic Technology Partners - The Company is working on detailed development designs, procedures, budgets, prototype and contract manufacturing guidelines with primary industry leaders (strategic partners) who have been working closely with the Company in the development of the Company’s intellectual properties. Each of these primary industry affiliates is positioned to enter into contracts with the Company and produce the necessary components in a timely and cost efficient manner. All groups/companies are experts in their fields with many years of invaluable practical experience. This consortium of leading technology consultants and suppliers will help design, develop, test, refine and manufacture the various materials and components needed to build, integrate, test and verify the system’s efficiencies, and will help us successfully bring our MHD hybrid power conversion engine to market.

Design, Development, Testing, and Demonstration of the Prototype

In order to confirm the validation of this new patented technology and prove the overall performance efficiency of the system, the Company will be engineering and designing a bench top prototype of the world’s first MHD Superconducting Generator.

The working prototype would enable CSPU to test different aspects of the system and help refine the functionality and efficiently of the design. It would also allow the Company to test the performance of various materials in order to determine the best materials to use.

This Record-Breaking MHD prototype will prove the viability of MHD Superconducting Generators, prior to Mass production.

Revenue Generation – Implement joint venture/licensing strategy with strategic partners. Equipment sales, electricity supply, financing and services.


Superiority of MHD Power Generation
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
CSPU on BBC Radio
Concentrated Sunlight Heat Electricity - Solar MHD
Highly Disruptive Technology
CSPU Intellectual Property Portfolio
CSPU Management
CSPU in Forbes
CSPU in the Press

Related Links
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Licenses Novel “Magnetohydrodynamics” Technology
Letter from Jian Sun, PhD - Director, Center for Future Energy Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
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