"Game Changer"

WELCOME TO THE FUTURE OF ENERGY
Breakthrough Leap In Bleeding-Edge Technology

MHD Energy Generating Electrical Power by Magnetohydrodynamical Means

MHD Efficiency at 70-75%


Creating Clean and More Efficient Electrical Energy
From Heat and Reducing CO2 Emissions

MHD Technology Directly Converts
Thermal/Kinetic Power
to Useable Electrical Power

Reaching New Levels of
Power Generation Efficiency and Energy Savings
MHD Power Generation is a Better Mouse Trap!

Eco-Friendly MHD - Magneto Hydro Dynamic Power Generation

Involves Magnetic Fields (Magneto) and
Fluids (Hydro) That Conduct Electricity and
Interact (Dynamics)

Magnetohydrodynamics is a 20-Letter Way of Saying
"The Study of How Electrically Conducting Fluids (Liquids and Gases)
Interact with Magnetic Fields

Superior Performance

Patented Next Generation High Efficiency Power

For Utility-Scale and Industrial Global Markets

MHD Stand-Alone Power Systems
MHD Topping Cycles for Existing Power Plants

One of The Most Pressing Challenges of Our Time
How to Reduce CO2 Emissions
MHD Offers Solutions to Global Warming

Climate Change is a Problem that Needs to be Solved

More Than 70% of the World’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Come From Energy-Related Sources

The electricity industry is the biggest source of greenhouse gas emission in the United States, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

Global Energy Consumption Market Value Surpassed $9.1 trillion

The chief virtue of the MHD generator is higher efficiency. The more efficiently power is generated, the cheaper it becomes. MHD is Cheaper, more reliable, and cleaner than anything in use today by the electric power industry.

MHD power generation will massively increase efficiency in electric power generation! MHD can help reduce carbon emissions, by increasing the amount of power produced by existing fossil fuel plants for the same amount of fuel. MHD is the production of electrical power utilizing a high temperature conducting plasma moving through an intense magnetic field. An MHD generator consists of a conductor moving through a fixed magnetic field.

MHD will increase power generation without increasing CO2 emissions; it will reduce pollution per unit of energy produced, and lower life-cycle costs. It can reduce CO2 emissions while maintaining electric power generation levels (this could be further enhanced if older, low efficiency, high emission plants could be retired due to the availability of increased generation from MHD-enabled plants).

"Let's say that MHD will improve the overall combined cycle plant efficiency by 5%. Now calculate how the 5% to 10% improvement /MW reduces the same 5% - 10% reduction in CO2 emission, but calculate the actual savings in pounds of CO2. We then can calculate the number of natural gas plants and the MW's they produce and thus the entire savings in the US if MHD was implement. It should be a gargantuan number - I am guess like 10 Trillion lbs of CO2 less." - Chief Science and Engineering Officer Professor Doug Chrisey

Principle: This effect is a result of Faradays Laws of Electro Magnet Induction (i.e. when the conductor moves through a magnetic field, it generates an electric field perpendicular to the magnetic field and direction of conductor).

The MHD generation or, also known as magneto hydrodynamic power generation is a direct energy conversion system which converts the heat energy directly into electrical energy, without any intermediate mechanical energy conversion, as opposed to the case in all other power generating plants. Therefore, in this process, substantial fuel economy can be achieved due to the elimination of the link process of producing mechanical energy and then again converting it to electrical energy. Concentrating Solar Power Utility Inc, (CSPU) plans on licensing and developing partners to build state-of-the-art MHD Utility-Scale Power Plants.

Modern Technological Developments Driving Innovation

Intellectual Property Portfolio - High Efficiency Magnetohydrodynamic Power Generation Using Ultra- High Magnetic Fields (Superconducting Permanent Magnets) and Novel Cooling - Patent

Superconducting Permanent Magnets can be Used to Improve the Efficiency of any Electrical Machine.

Peripheral Components for Other Industries CSPU is Developing Superconducting Permanent Magnets for MHD Power Generation and Many other Exciting Applications

Enormous Potential of this Advanced Energy Source

MHD Efficiency at 70-75%


Adapted from N. Harada, The International Conference on Electrical Engineering
“MHD for Advanced Power Generation”, No. O-043.

MHD Energy is one of the most important advancements in the energy field in the last 100 years. The underlying principle of MHD power generation is elegantly simple. In a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator an electrically conducting gas replaces the rotating copper coil of the currently used electric generator.

This science fiction sounding technology uses superconducting magnets to strip electrons from high energy plasma jets, and generate power with no moving parts.

Using patented MHD technology CSPU plans to make MHD power practical and affordable on a broad commercial scale for the first time. While addressing some of humanity’s most pressing challenges. CSPU is leading the way to cost-competitive, MHD electricity.


Superiority of MHD Power Generation
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
CSPU on BBC Radio
Concentrated Sunlight Heat Electricity - Solar MHD
Highly Disruptive Technology
CSPU Intellectual Property Portfolio
CSPU Management
CSPU in Forbes
CSPU in the Press

Related Links
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Licenses Novel “Magnetohydrodynamics” Technology
Letter from Jian Sun, PhD - Director, Center for Future Energy Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

MHD Electric-Power Utilities

MHD Superconducting Generators


Higher Efficiency Power Technology
High Efficiency Magnetohydrodynamic Power Generation
Using Ultra-High Magnetic Fields and Novel Cooling - United States Patent 8,786,140

Print - PDF of Patent
Promising Technologies Patented

New Capabilities for MHD Power Generation

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Energy Conversion can increase the efficiency of fossil-fueled power plants.

CSPU innovation - integrated advanced systems design utilizing proven state of the art technologies and enabling more efficient power systems for utility applications.

MHD can change the world's use of energy
MHD has high heat/high efficiency

A magnetohydrodynamic generator (MHD generator) is a high performance magnetohydrodynamic device that transforms thermal energy and kinetic energy into electricity.

CSPU Plans to design / develop MHD enhancement's to traditional power plants.

CSPU plans to demonstrate a working MHD system's unique features and performance potential. Which will represent the intermediate stage between laboratory scale experiments and an industrial scale demonstration MHD project.

Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) is a direct-fired scalable electric power production technology that is being developed as a high-temperature “topping cycle” power extraction to higher efficiency for conventional power plants. , and a new type of super-efficient power plant. The unique value of MHD is that it permits an older single-cycle fossil-fuel power plant to be upgraded to high efficiency.

The Stacking of Heat Engines:

1) MHD (magneto hydrodynamics) engine (40-65% conversion) - MHD Topping Layer Extract Energy 1260C
2) Brayton engine (29 -35% conversion) - Brayton/Core Layer Extract Energy 980C
3) Organic Rankin engine (5-7%c conversion). - Organic Rankin Bottom Layer Extract Energy 250C

This combination will make the CSPU MHD, hybrid generating system the most efficient way of converting energy into electricity.

In the MHD generator the advantage of having no moving parts allows to work at higher temperatures than a conventional energy conversion. It is possible to work with temperature around 3000K, and at these temperature the maximum theoretical efficiency would be near 90%.

CPSU was formed in 2008 by Thomas P. Kay to develop and commercialize high temperature (and high efficiency) novel patented MHD technology, which it believes will dramatically improve the efficiency of electrical power generation.

CSPU primary differentiator lies with its suite of intellectual properties that are ready to be swiftly implemented and commercialized.

A power plant with MHD alone should achieve 65% theoretical efficiency, but you can harvest the hot exhaust gas. The latter can yield an additional 10% to add to the system efficiency or 75%.

"Direct power extraction via magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) principles offers a potential step improvement in thermal efficiencies over energy systems utilizing traditional turbomachinery. This is principally due to the lack of moving parts in an MHD generator, as the temperature limits of the moving parts tend to limit cycle temperatures in traditional combustion driven systems." - US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

The rocket science is already done - all that remains are to turn the prototypes into a low-cost, mass-producible design. It is now just a question of good, old-fashioned engineering. CSPU MHD super-efficient proprietary energy technology is critical to saving mankind from the ever present danger of climate change.

We will demonstrate that the MHD generator technology is superior to all other electricity generators. The successful completion of this project will lead to the development of a closed loop MHD electric power plant prototype with estimated efficiencies greater than 60%.

Our long term goal is to develop an integrated system with a useful life of 20 years or more of continuous operation. The system would be scalable in terms of its electricity output and corresponding purchase and maintenance cost.

Magnetohydrodynamics or Thermionic Power Conversion

The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) approach to electric power generation offers a unique combination of high-efficiency large-scale power generation. The role of MHD power generation has global significance in the field of energy. .

Technological advancements show great promise to make MHD a more viable option to meet society's energy needs. CSPU will be using a new type of Superconducting Permanent Magnets for the first time with Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Power Plants.

Because of the higher temperature generated MHD is more efficient than older types of thermal technologies that work at a much lower temperature. The laws of thermodynamics tell us that to generate power from a heat source (e.g. a burning fuel), the higher the temperature, and the more efficient it will be.

"It is funny for me having published research for 30 years and suddenly I am interviewed about a topic that I have a recent patent on, but no publications. The number that catches everyone is the 60% efficiency" -Professor Douglas B. Chrisey Ph.D. Department of Physics and Engineering, Tulane University
- Douglas B. Chrisey on BBC Radio talking about MHD.

High-field magnets for Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Energy Conversion can increase the efficiency of fossil-fueled power plants.

Using natural gas, fuel oil, or coal to generate plasma to operate an MHD generator, will improved overall plant efficiencies in excess of 60% using high temperature superconductors (HTS) permanent magnets.

• The efficiency improvement is based on the high temperature of the plasma and the extremely high magnetic fields (potentially 16 T) only possible through using HTS permanent magnets. This will be a great improvement over existing MHD systems to convert fossil fueled power into electrical energy.


Improved MHD Technology is Applicable to Fossil-Fueled Power Plants

Potential Heat Sources
Coal - Natural gas - Geothermal - Nuclear - Solar

MHD topping cycle generators will increase the efficiency of existing power plants. The big difference with MHD for green energy or just energy conversion is that we have the potential for such high efficiencies. Other technologies are resorting to rare and expensive materials or complicated optics to squeeze out incremental changes.

MHD Hybrid Power Plants can use any heat source, such as solar, geothermal, combustion of a fuel (e.g., oil, coal, or natural gas), chemical reaction or even high-grade waste heat and directly converts such heat source into electricity through an MHD technique.

Thermal efficiency versus working temperature for different MHD power conversion systems. The effect of increased temperature on efficiency is clear.

MHD has many important attributes for power conversion including:

  • High working temperatures.
  • High Carnot-cycle efficiency.
  • Readily combined as a topping cycle with other heat generating systems.

The high magnetic field is a key feature required to increaseMHD system efficiency. However, iron core electromagnets have proven impractical for use in MHD energy conversion devices because they require enormous current draw to sustain high Tesla magnetic flux densities. Prior art MHD energy conversion devices have, therefore, been limited to the use of iron-ore magnets having magnetic flux densities of no greater than 1-3 Tesla.

The recent demonstration of superconductive permanent magnets with magnetic flux densities of up to 16 Tesla is a very encouraging development that can enable commercially viable high efficiency solar MHD technology.

MHD has the potential to significantly improve the performance of all future power plants.

In order to confirm the validation of this new patented technology and prove the overall performance efficiency of the system, the Company will be engineering and designing a bench top prototype of the world’s first MHD Superconducting Generator. Superconducting is a “magical” state of matter.

The working prototype would enable CSPU to test different aspects of the system and help refine the functionality and efficiently of the design. It would also allow the Company to test the performance of various materials in order to determine the best materials to use.

This Record-Breaking MHD prototype will prove the viability of MHD Superconducting Generators, prior to Mass production.

Revenue Generation – Implement joint venture/licensing strategy with strategic partners. Equipment sales, electricity supply, financing and services.


Superiority of MHD Power Generation
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
CSPU on BBC Radio
Concentrated Sunlight Heat Electricity - Solar MHD
Highly Disruptive Technology
CSPU Intellectual Property Portfolio
CSPU Management
CSPU in Forbes
CSPU in the Press

Related Links
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Licenses Novel “Magnetohydrodynamics” Technology
Letter from Jian Sun, PhD - Director, Center for Future Energy Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
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