Superconducting Permanent Magnets

MHD generators requires an extremely powerful magnets! The next generation of Superconducting Magnets are here. CSPU will be using A New Type of Permanent Magnets - Superconducting Permanent Magnets for the first time with Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Power Plants. MHD generators require enormously powerful magnetic fields if they are to be efficient enough to be practical.

The high magnetic field is a key feature required to increase MHD system efficiency. However, iron core electromagnets have proven impractical for use in MHD energy conversion devices because they require enormous current draw to sustain high Tesla magnetic flux densities. Prior art MHD energy conversion devices have, therefore, been limited to the use of iron-ore magnets having magnetic flux densities of no greater than 1-3 Tesla.

The recent demonstration of superconductive permanent magnets with magnetic flux densities of up to 17 Tesla is a very encouraging development that can enable commercially viable high efficiency MHD technology.

Superconducting Permanent Magnets uses a heat engine which converts thermal energy into currents of millions of amps to create these super magnets, generating a series of magnetic waves which progressively magnetise the super-conductor much in the same way a nail can be magnetised by stroking it over a magnet. Like seeding in a rice paddy.

Superconducting Permanent Magnets are:

– With all existing Permanent Magnets electrons are tied down and have a built in limit to the amount of magnesium that can reached. However with Superconducting Permanent Magnets electrons work in a different way. They are not tied down and limited. As with state of the art magnets are today. With Superconducting Permanent Magnets electrons can move freely allowing them to become super charged/conductive, up to 17 Tesla when they are made super-cooled in Nitrogen Gas at about 200degrees Celsius 320 degrees Fahrenheit.

– Safer and higher efficient operations due to no heat generation

– Strong and stable magnetic field

– Can maintain a flux density orders of magnitude bigger than conventional materials

– Magnetic fields as high as 17 T are not achievable in conventional iron-based permanent magnets. With MHD generators as you increase the magnetic field the amount of electricity produced increases proportionally!

– Magnetised on a molecular scale which means that Superconducting Permanent Magnets can maintain a flux density orders of magnitude bigger than conventional materials

Flux pumping used in making Superconducting Permanent Magnets is especially significant when one bears in mind that all other methods of magnetising superconductors require application of a magnetic flux density at least as high as the final required field. This is not true of flux pumping

– Enhancement of the degrees of freedom for designing devices

The Effect of an Increased Magnetic Field on MHD Power Generation

The high magnetic field is a key feature required to increase solar MHD system efficiency.

In the past, superconducting magnets that MHD generation needed required great amounts of electricity to create superconducting magnets, which made MHD not economically practical.

The CSPU MHD generator uses a new generation of superconducting magnets, that are revolutionary and very cost-effective. This new generation of superconducting permanent magnets have to be chilled to cryogenic temperatures in order to reach superconductivity magnetism.

CSPU Manufacturing
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
for MHD Power Generation

CSPU will be using the strongest permanent magnets in the world, the next generation of superconducting magnets technology. That are made of specially treated rare earth superconductors like those developed by a company named Magnifye in Cambridge, England.

This is the key technology that could provide a breakthrough in MHD power generation.

"Magnifye has developed a heat engine which converts thermal energy into currents of millions of amps. The thermal energy is used to create a series of magnetic waves which progressively magnetise the superconductor much in the same way a nail can be magnetised by stroking it over a magnet.

As long as the superconductor stays cold, the currents will flow uninterrupted, providing powerful, stable, shapeable magnetic fields for a wide range of applications." - Magnifye

Previously available electromagnets had proven impractical for use in MHD energy conversion devices because they require electricity to stay cool in order to sustain the high Tesla magnetic flux densities. Prior art MHD energy conversion devices have, therefore, been limited to the use of magnets having magnetic flux densities of no greater then 1-2 Tesla. However, recent development permits the use of with high temperature superconductors allows trapped flux to behave as permanent magnets having magnetic flux densities of up to 17 Tesla. This has never been applied before to improve the efficiency of an MHD energy conversion device and is a key advancement to the state of the art. With MHD the stronger the magnetic field the greater the power generated. MHD generator technology is superior to all other electricity generators.


Superiority of MHD Power Generation
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
CSPU on BBC Radio
Concentrated Sunlight Heat Electricity - Solar MHD
Highly Disruptive Technology
CSPU Intellectual Property Portfolio
CSPU Management
CSPU in Forbes
CSPU in the Press

Related Links
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Licenses Novel “Magnetohydrodynamics” Technology
Letter from Jian Sun, PhD - Director, Center for Future Energy Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Home

Email