"Of all the direct energy conversion methods exploitable, the MHD Power Generation seems to be the most promising for a utility system" - Power Plant Engineering - Third Edition By P.K.Nag

The Future for MHD - Greater Efficiencies in Extracting Energy - A New Step to Clean Energy


"It will not be long before MHD power generation transforms itself from non-conventional to conventional energy sources."

"MHD generation offers several advantages as compared to other methods of electric generation.

1) The conversion efficiency of a MHD system can be 50% as compared to less than 40 percent for the most efficient steam plants.

2) Large amount of power is generated.

3) It has no moving parts, so more reliable and mechanically elegant.

4) It has ability to reach the full power level as soon as started.

5) Because of higher efficiency, the overall generation cost of an MHD plant will be less.

6) The more efficient heat utilization would decreases the amount of heat discharged to environment and the cooling water requirements would also be lower.

7) The higher efficiency means better fuel utilization. The reduce fuel consumption would offer additional economic and social benefits.

8) The Closed cycle system produces power free of pollution.

"Magnetohydrodynamics as an electricity generation process holds the possibility of very efficient fuel utilization because the extremely high temperatures at which it operates correlate to a high Carnot efficiency" - Hyperphysices - Department of Physics - Georgia State University

"The conversion efficiency of a MHD system can be around 50% much higher compared to the most efficient steam plants. Still higher efficiencies are expected in future, around 60 – 65 %, with the improvements in experience and technology.- Large amount of power is generated.- It has no moving parts, so more reliable.- The closed cycle system produces power, free of pollution.- It has ability to reach the full power level as soon as started.- The size if the plant is considerably smaller than conventional fossil fuel plants." - Ankur Mahajan Department of Electrical Engineering MIET, Jammu

"MHD (Magneto-Hydrodynamic) Electric Generator will operate more efficiently than conventional power plants." - NASA - Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka, Japan

"MHD is attractive for space use, because it has no moving mechanical parts and therefore requires little or no maintenance." - New York Times

"The MHD cycle should provide a very high conversion efficiency, possibly approaching 70%." - Cicconradi et al 1997, Kayukawa, 2000

"Simple Structure Only MHD channel (electrodes, insulator) and Magnet

High Power density --- high electric field, current density Compact machine
Small output applications
Ceramic material can be used

High Efficiency Save energy resources & Low Environmental Issues

No moving parts

No turbine and no rotating generator"

The combination of 2000°C plasma and super-cooled magnets provide the mechanism to produce electricity with greater than 60% efficiency. No other non-electro-mechanical means of power generation exceeds 45% in efficiency. Furthermore, with no moving parts, this design has the potential for much greater useful full-time power production life.

Use of Concentrated Solar Power to produce the very hot thermal medium is, in itself, a proven renewal energy source. By integrating CSP with the MHD generator as a topping mechanism we gain a synergism that no other power generator to date possesses. Furthermore by using the high-temperature exhaust plasma to drive a closed-Brayton cycle turbine electricity generator thereafter, we gain additional power output that further amplifies the efficiency of the integrated closed loop system.

MHD Generators Are Energy Conversion Machines

"Magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) electric generator, works on the principle that any conductor of electricity that is moved through a magnetic field will generate in itself a current of electricity. This applies not only to copper wires (as in conventional generators), but to gases, which become conductors when they are made so hot that some of their atoms separate (ionize) into electrically charged particles. If forced through a magnetic field, a stream of ionized gas causes an electrical current to flow across it." - TIME Mag

Superiority of MHD Power Generation
Superconducting Permanent Magnets
CSPU on BBC Radio
Concentrated Sunlight Heat Electricity - Solar MHD
Highly Disruptive Technology
CSPU Intellectual Property Portfolio
CSPU Management
CSPU in Forbes
CSPU in the Press

Related Links
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Licenses Novel “Magnetohydrodynamics” Technology
Letter from Jian Sun, PhD - Director, Center for Future Energy Systems - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute